The Signs and Stages of Gum Disease

Woman With ToothacheMost of us know what to look out for when it comes to tooth problems, but few know the signs of gum disease. This condition of the gums can occur in three stages: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis. The specialists at Glenlake Dental Care share some facts on the signs and stages of gum disease.

Bleeding and Swollen Gums

These two are perhaps the most obvious sign of gum problems. You will note reddening and pain of your gums due to the swelling, and they would also easily bleed when you floss or brush your teeth. With these signs, you are likely suffering from gingivitis, the first stage of gum disease.

If you have this stage of gum disease, your family dentist in Glenview will advise you to observe proper dental hygiene with regular brushing and flossing.

Receding Gums

If your gums begin to recede from the base of your teeth, that is likely due to the progression of gingivitis to periodontitis. With this condition, gaps form between the gums and teeth, which experts call “gum pockets.” Pus then forms in these pockets due to bacteria and tartar penetrating further into the gums. As the gaps deepen, the teeth are at higher risk of falling out.

You may require professional cleaning to remove the tartar buildup below the gum line and prevent enlargement of the gaps.

Tooth and Bone Loss

Gum disease is in its worst form once your teeth begin falling out and your bone changes shape. The bone loss occurs due to the destruction of the fibers and bone. At this point, your dentist may need to perform a root planning procedure to smooth the roots of your teeth and prevent further plaque deposition.

If you have swollen gums that bleed easily, or even bad breath and a foul taste in your mouth, you may be developing gum disease. Visit a reliable family dentist and follow their advice on how to treat the condition and prevent it from worsening.

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