May-Thurner Syndrome (MTS) is a painful compression of the left iliac vein. MTS causes discomfort and increases the risk of developing blood clots and deep vein thrombosis (DVT). Treatment is, therefore, important.
MTS or Iliac Vein Compression Syndrome happens when the right iliac artery compresses the left iliac vein as they cross each other in the pelvis. The pressure the right iliac artery exerts stops blood from flowing freely through the vein. When this occurs, blood can pool in the vein and increase the likelihood of clots.
Blood clots in themselves are normally innocuous, but if they become very large, they can stop the blood supply to a limb or break off and travel to the lungs. This occurrence is called pulmonary embolism, and it is a life-threatening (and, thus, an emergency) situation.
Unfortunately, MTS is usually not detected until a person presents himself in the hospital with a DVT. However, facilities such as Veniti share some signs which may indicate you have the condition.
Warning Signs of MTS
The following are common warning signs that you may have MTS:
- Leg cramps
- Swelling, warmth, and redness in the leg
- Dark discoloration of the skin
- Swollen leg veins
- Heaviness of the leg
Anyone with these symptoms should get an emergency evaluation from a medical professional, particularly if there is a history of DVT.
Treatment for MTS
Treating May-Thurner Syndrome consists of an anticoagulation therapy to thin the blood and prevent clots and angioplasty. It involves inserting a tiny balloon at the tip of a catheter. The balloon then inflates to open the compressed vein. A stent of wire mesh is then placed in the vein to hold it open permanently, restoring normal blood flow.
Anticoagulants can be delivered via catheter directly to the area that needs treating to break up the clots, or given as an injectable medication.
If you’ve observed symptoms of May-Thurner Syndrome, it’s best to have a consultation and immediate treatment to avoid complications and maintain healthy blood flow.